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about the Karelia

Territory

The Republic of Karelia is located in the north-west of Russia, and is part of the North-West Federal District of the Russian Federation.

In the south, Karelia borders on the Leningrad and Vologda regions, in the north - on the Murmansk region, in the east - on the Arkhangelsk region. In the northeast, the republic is washed by the White Sea. The western border of Karelia coincides with the state border of Russia and Finland and has a length of 798 kilometers.

The population of the Republic of Karelia is about 630 thousand people. The Republic of Karelia has a favorable economic and geographical position (proximity to the central highly developed regions of Russia and Western Europe, the presence of a developed transport system), as well as significant reserves of natural resources.

The Republic of Karelia is one of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation with the most water resources, and has a widely developed hydrographic network belonging to the basins of the White and Baltic Seas, with a total of 23 thousand rivers and 61 thousand lakes, including Ladoga and Onega - the largest freshwater reservoirs in Europe.

More than half of the territory of Karelia is covered with forest. The main species are spruce and pine.

Mineral resource base

The mineral resource base of the Republic of Karelia is 494 explored deposits, including 31 types of minerals, with reserves recorded by the state balance. Mineral resources: iron ore, shungite, titanium, vanadium, molybdenum, precious metals, diamonds, mica, construction materials (granites, diabases, marbles), ceramic raw materials (pegmatites, spar), apatite-carbonate ores, alkaline amphibolasbestos.

The mineral resource base of Karelia also includes 386 peat deposits, 28 deposits of underground waters for household and drinking purposes, 3 deposits of mineral waters and 1 deposit of medicinal mud.

Bioresources

A large number of lingonberries, cranberries, blueberries, cloudberries and other berries are collected in Karelia every year.

The Republic of Karelia is located in the north-west of Russia, and is part of the North-West Federal District of the Russian Federation.

In the south, Karelia borders on the Leningrad and Vologda regions, in the north - on the Murmansk region, in the east - on the Arkhangelsk region. In the northeast, the republic is washed by the White Sea. The western border of Karelia coincides with the state border of Russia and Finland and has a length of 798 kilometers.

The population of the Republic of Karelia is about 630 thousand people. The Republic of Karelia has a favorable economic and geographical position (proximity to the central highly developed regions of Russia and Western Europe, the presence of a developed transport system), as well as significant reserves of natural resources.

The Republic of Karelia is one of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation with the most water resources, and has a widely developed hydrographic network belonging to the basins of the White and Baltic Seas, with a total of 23 thousand rivers and 61 thousand lakes, including Ladoga and Onega - the largest freshwater reservoirs in Europe.

More than half of the territory of Karelia is covered with forest. The main species are spruce and pine.

Transport infrastructure

The Republic of Karelia is a transit territory. The development of the transport complex is primarily associated with the implementation of projects for international transport corridors. On the Karelian section of the Russian-Finnish border, there are 3 international road and 2 railway checkpoints and 2 car simplified checkpoints. The international airport "Petrozavodsk" (Besovets) operates on the territory of Karelia.

The Republic of Karelia has an extensive transport network. Its territory is crossed by the main highways, waterways and railways connecting the republic with the center and east of Russia, as well as connecting developed regions of Russia with the ice-free northern port of Murmansk and through Finland with European countries. The White Sea-Baltic Canal runs through the republic, connecting the Baltic and White Seas.

Economics

The Republic of Karelia continues to play a significant role in Russia in a number of sectors of the country's economy. About 70% of all Russian trout is grown in the republic, about 30% of iron ore pellets, 20% of paper, 15% of wood pulp and cellulose from other fibrous materials are produced.

The economy of Karelia, taking into account its border position, remains export-oriented. More than a third of the production is exported. The main foreign trade partner of the republic is Finland, which accounts for up to 20% of foreign turnover.

Education, science and innovation

In the Republic of Karelia, 23 educational organizations implement programs of secondary vocational education, 2 federal state educational organizations of higher education and 4 branches of state educational organizations of higher education implement higher education programs. In educational institutions located on the territory of the Republic of Karelia, more than 23 thousand students study in programs of secondary vocational education and higher education.

Petrozavodsk State University (PetrSU) is one of the largest in the northwest of Russia. Currently, it includes 80 departments, 9 faculties, 7 educational institutions. The Karelian State Pedagogical Academy, one of the oldest pedagogical universities of the Northwestern Federal District of Russia, which laid the foundations of higher professional education in the republic, became part of PetrSU.

In addition to educational activities, teachers and graduate students of these universities are engaged in applied scientific research.

The scientific potential of the Republic of Karelia is also represented by academic science. The KSC RAS operates in Petrozavodsk. It includes 7 academic institutions. Fundamental scientific research makes up more than 80% of all research carried out at the KSC RAS.

The main elements of the innovation infrastructure have been created in the Republic of Karelia: the regional innovation complex and the IT-park of PetrSU, the Ukko innovation center and the Karelian center for the transfer of technologies and innovations at the KSC RAS, a business incubator, more than 30 innovation-active enterprises operate.

Tourism

Karelia, possessing unique landscape-natural and rich recreational resources, centuries-old cultural and historical heritage, occupies a special place in the tourist market and arouses steady interest among Russians and residents of foreign countries.

Forests, lakes and rivers provide an excellent opportunity for organizing both a relaxing holiday in the bosom of nature and active types of tourism: hunting, fishing, snowmobile and ATV safaris, river rafting, eco-tours and jeep safaris.

More than a million hectares of land are specially protected natural areas: national parks Paanajarvi, Vodlozersky, Kalevalsky, natural park Valaam archipelago, nature reserves Kivach and Kostomukshsky, 46 reserves, 108 natural monuments. One of the largest flat waterfalls in Europe Kivach is located one hundred kilometers from Petrozavodsk. All this contributes to the development of ecological tourism and recreation in Karelia. Fifty kilometers from Petrozavodsk is the first Russian resort Marcial Waters, founded in 1719 by Emperor Peter I. The resort has unique healing mineral waters, the iron content unparalleled in the world.

Culture

Karelia is a unique cultural region, the formation of which was influenced by the border position between the Western and Eastern worlds, Germanic and Slavic, Catholic and Orthodox.

Traditional crafts for Karelia were weaving from straw and birch bark, sewing with pearls and embroidery, spinning, weaving, wood and bone carving, and making ceramics. Artistic crafts that have been developed today are Zaonezhskaya embroidery and Prionezhskaya ceramics.

The center of culture and professional art of Karelia is the city of Petrozavodsk, where the largest cultural institutions are concentrated.

Major libraries: National Library of the Republic of Karelia, Scientific Library of PetrSU and Library of the KSC RAS. Among the museums, the oldest in the republic is the National Museum of the Republic of Karelia (the Karelian State Museum of Local Lore was opened in 1873), the Museum of Fine Arts of the Republic of Karelia.

The Musical Theater of the Republic of Karelia, the National Theater of the Republic of Karelia, the Puppet Theater of the Republic of Karelia and the Drama Theater of the Republic of Karelia (“Creative Workshop”) enjoy deserved attention of residents and guests of the capital.

Among the leading creative collectives of the republic, it is also necessary to note the symphony orchestra and the orchestra of Russian folk instruments of the Karelian State Philharmonic Society, the State Song and Dance Ensemble of Karelia, Kantele.

Sports

More than 70 kinds of sports are cultivated in Karelia. About 400 international, all-Russian, republican physical culture and sports events are held annually.

One of the priorities of the government of the Republic of Karelia is the development of physical culture and mass sports among children, adolescents and youth. There are 5 specialized children's and youth sports schools of the Olympic reserve and 24 children's and youth sports schools in the republic.

The capital of the Karelia Republic

Petrozavodsk is the capital of the Republic of Karelia.

It is a large industrial, tourist, scientific and cultural center of the North-West region of Russia.

The distance from Petrozavodsk to Moscow is 1091 km, to St. Petersburg - 412 km. The distance to Finland is no more than 300 km.

The capital of Karelia is connected with the Russian regions by road, rail, air and water communication.

The industry of Petrozavodsk is represented by machine building and metalworking, forestry and woodworking, stoneworking, construction, food, light and printing industries.

100th Anniversary of Karelia

In 2020, the Republic of Karelia will celebrate the centenary of its foundation. Decree of the President of Russia dated May 24, 2013 No. 517 “On the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the formation of the Republic of Karelia” launched a large-scale work aimed at changing the appearance of the republic, modernizing the economy and social sphere and creating prerequisites for maximizing the existing potential of the Republic.

A state commission has been created to prepare for the celebration of the centenary of the formation of the Republic of Karelia, headed by the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Nikolai Patrushev. It includes 11 federal ministers, representatives of large Russian business, heads of state corporations.

In preparation for the centenary of the formation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the federal target program “Development of the Republic of Karelia for the period up to 2020” was approved. Among the expected results of the program implementation:

  • improving the investment and business climate in the Republic of Karelia, contributing to the attraction of investments, the development of export-oriented and import-substituting industries, increasing the competitiveness of the republic due to the elimination of infrastructural restrictions on economic development;
  • increase in investments in fixed assets in comparable prices - 1.5 times;
  • creation of 18 thousand new jobs;
  • preparation of industrial sites;
  • construction of sections of gas pipelines providing access to the gas pipeline for economic development objects;
  • construction and reconstruction of public highways;
  • reconstruction of road, railway, aviation and water transport infrastructure facilities.